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Job Safety Analysis

Job Safety Analysis

fl-shape- job safety analysis

What is Job Safety Analysis?

Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a procedure that helps integrate accepted safety and health practices into a particular task or job operation. In JSA, the ultimate goal is to identify potential hazards in every step of a process and recommend the safest way to execute the job. JSA is a written procedure developed to understand, review, minimize or eliminate hazards associated with work processes. A Job Safety Analysis (JSA) must be conducted at the job site before the commencement of a job, or when there has been any modification done to the existing job process. JSA can also include risk assessment to evaluate the hazard occurance probability while also detailing the severity of its consequences, and the effectiveness of the control and preventive measures implemented.

Environmental Health and Safety Overview Video

A robust Job Safety Analysis (JSA) process is a “must have” if you’re looking to build an organization-wide safety culture and improve safety performance

Would you like to automate and digitally transform the JSA process? With CQ EHS this becomes easy.   REQUEST A DEMO NOW

What are the benefits of doing a job safety analysis?

JSA is a written work procedure. While the written Job Safety Analysis serves as a document that can be showcased to OSHA, the documented records of JSA will also help the organization in many ways as it helps create a safe work environment. Simply put, job safety analysis is beneficial to the organization as it —
Helps identify undetected hazards
Increases job knowledge of the participants
Improves safety and health awareness
Enhances communication between supervisors and workers
Promotes better acceptance of revised safe work procedures
Helps complete comprehensive incident investigations
Can be used as a standard for all safety and health inspections or observations
Serves as teaching material during job training or considered a briefing guide for sporadic jobs or processes
There are two main methods to conduct a job safety analysis (JSA). Each method has its benefit
Observational JSA helps in recognizing and reviewing hazards as the method does not rely on individual memory
Discussion-based JSA between experienced workers and supervisors improves the chances of accepting the new work procedure
Job Safety Analysis Guide to Employee Health and Safety

The Conclusive Guide to Employee Health and Safety for your Manufacturing Company

four basic steps in job safety analysis

What are the four basic steps in job safety analysis?

Job Safety Analysis can be broken down into four stages that helps perform the analysis effectively. JSA is performed in stages as it helps complete every portion of the analysis easily and document the findings meticulously. The four basic stages in conducting a job safety analysis (JSA) are:

While all jobs should undergo JSA, it is cumbersome and time consuming. JSA is also necessary to be performed when there is a change or revision in equipment, process, environment, or raw materials. Hence, it is advisable to select the job for analysis in the order of priority based on the following factors
  • requency and severity of accidents can help determine the starting point of the analysis
  • Potential for illness or injury that involves hazardous conditions or materials
  • New jobs that present a higher risk to workers
  • Modifications in job procedures
  • Non-routine jobs
Break the job down into a series of steps to better analyze the overall risk or hazard associated with each job or process. While breaking down the job, it is imperative to keep the steps in the right sequence as any faults in this stage have the potential to create a new hazard or miss a potentially serious one. In this stage, the person conducting the analysis observes a worker performing the job.
Examine and identify potential hazards through a series of questions. It is important to note that at this stage it is all about identifying potential hazards and not solving them. To do so, the observer can ask questions to the workers to make fair and relevant observations. During this stage, the observer must make a note of all the observations of the job, including knowledge of injury or incident and its causes, and a list of potential risks and hazards based on personal experience.

Determine preventive measures to remedy identified hazards

  • Use different techniques to elimination the hazard. The techniques can be anything from switching to a different process, substituting material with less hazardous options, modifying an existing process, implementing modifications to work environment, replace or modify existing tools.
  • Containment is one of the preventive measures recommended if the hazard cannot be eliminated. Organizations can implement enclosures, install worker booths, or build machine guards to contain the severity of both existing and potential hazards.
  • Work procedure revision by adding additional steps or implementing modifications to steps that are hazardous can improve the safety of the work environment and protect the workers.
  • Minimize employee exposure to hazardous environments and materials to improve the severity of an accident, reduce fatalities, and promote safety. This can be achieved by implementing and training employees with preventive measures.
Job safety analysis - A metrics-driven approach to increasing employee engagement to enhance workplace safety

Are you looking for a “metrics-driven” approach to increasing employee engagement to enhance workplace safety efforts?

In this Webinar by ComplianceQuest, we highlight some of the best practices to make that happen:

How to identify potential hazards during job safety analysis?

There are different types of hazards: biological, chemical, ergonomic, physical, psychosocial, and safety. The primary objective of hazard identification is to find and record potential hazards that affect the workplace’s safety standards. To identify the hazards at the workplace during Job Safety Analysis (JSA), follow any of these methods
Job Safety Analysis Walk around

Walk around the workplace to identify and understand processes and activities

Job Safety Analysis - observe certain work

Deliberately observe certain work activities to grasp the tasks

Job Safety Analysis - Engage actively

Engage actively with the employees to understand their line of thought

Job Safety Analysis - Peruse previous accident

Peruse previous accident records to get insight into the existing problems

Job Safety Analysis - Gather records

Gather records related to absenteeism in the workplace due to the work environment

Job Safety Analysis - Focus on workers

Focus on workers and processes during after hours

Job Safety Analysis Research

Research manufacturer’s guidance to ensure adherence

Job Safety Analysis Review

Review existing operational procedures and work instructions

Job Safety Analysis to Ensure compliance

Ensure compliance with regulatory standards and guidance

Job Safety Analysis to Conduct service and maintenance

Conduct service and maintenance for existing procedures and equipment

Before conducting JSA, appropriate training is necessary to understand the task’s competency and the risk associated with the assessment. Once the supervisor has the necessary knowledge and training, job safety analysis (JSA) can be carried out in five steps

  • Document the process activity, step-by-step
  • Identify hazards and potential injuries related to each task
  • Document control measures to minimize or eliminate the risk of injury
  • Delegate the responsibility to implement control measures
  • Constantly monitor and review hazards and risks

The basic principle of JSA is to break down the work into individual tasks and analyze each task for potential safety risks or hazards. Hearing protection, fall protection, and other special types of personal protective equipment are covered under other sections of OSHA standards. OSHA requires a written certification that the hazard assessment has been performed. Job Safety Analysis also includes property damage and product quality.

CQ EHS to Automate the Job Safety Analysis (JSA) process

With CQ EHS Solution, it is possible to automate and streamline the entire JSA process and make it data-driven and collaborative.

With ComplianceQuest’s Safety Solution, safety teams can automate the following:

 processes that need a Job Safety Analysis
Identify specific tasks or processes that need a JSA process
Job Safety Analysis stage 2
Creating SOPs and documents to complete the process or tasks by taking necessary precautions and risk control measures
Job Safety Analysis stage 3
Issues a Permit to Work (PTW) for tasks such as hot work, cold work, electrical work, and specialized tasks that require personnel to have a specific certification or training
Job Safety Analysis stage 4
Identify potential hazards, and document it in CQ EHS Solution’s integrated risk management module
Job Safety Analysis stage 5
Plan risk control measures, collaborate, and allocate resources to implement these measures
Job Safety Analysis stage 6
Conduct Management Reviews to ensure all processes or tasks that need a JSA are being followed

Overall, it is critical to follow certain best practices when it comes to JSAs. In this blog titled ‘7 Benefits of a Robust Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Process to Improve Safety Performance’, we go deeper into specific proactive measures that need to be taken.

CQ EHS to automate the job safety analysis

Outstanding execution and solution coverage

We implemented this software where I work and have been overall happy with the outcome. After taking a day or two workings to learn the software, you’ll never want to go back to your old ways! There’s also a huge library of training videos provided with the subscription, and an easy to use ticket portal. Moving to CQ HSE was worth the effort and will pay for itself within the year, but what really matters is that we have a fully functional HSE software that can grow and evolve with the business. The mobile features and real-time data capture provides great accessibility to the HSE program for all levels of staff.
Andre Perrault,
Manager, Health Safety & Environment
Altex Energy


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Quality-centric companies rely on CQ QMS

Frequently Asked Questions

Who conducts job safety analysis?
While job safety analysis is traditionally performed by safety technicians, production leads, and production workers, front-line production workers primarily conduct JSA as they have the training and experience that is needed to conduct a successful job safety analysis.
When should an organization conduct job safety analysis?
Job safety analysis is a tried and true method that helps identify and reduce the risk associated with workplace hazards. Job Safety Analysis must be conducted across all work processes. However, practical constraints such as time and effort restrict the jobs that get prioritized for JSA. JSA should be carried out when

  • The potential for injury or illness is high
  • A human error could result in severe injury or accident
  • There is a need to interact with multiple people or systems
  • The job is complex and difficult to perform without written instruction
  • Any and all tasks have safety concerns
  • New jobs or existing jobs have undergone any procedural or process changes
  • Jobs have the potential to cause injuries or illness that could be severe or disabling
  • New tools or machinery are introduced
How can CQ’s Workplace Safety for Work.com Solution?
The Workplace safety app focuses on safety, risk management, and compliance. Rely on the Workplace Safety app to manage all key safety and business alerts

  • Each user can understand how the business is doing with respect to illnesses, injuries from daily operations, and key action items that require follow-up for corrective actions and tasks
  • The app allows the creation of inspection programs that can be used to schedule workplace safety inspections at intervals based on risk to the site. Using the program, recurring inspection tasks can be generated that will automatically reflect in the assignee’s task list
  • Use any device such as desktop, tablet, or mobile device to complete inspection checklists, report injuries, illnesses, or manage incidents as and when they occur
  • Improve response to incidents and create corrective actions to address incidents as they occur and prevent recurrences
Some of the features of the Workplace Safety app listed below.

  • Focused on People Safety, the app allows employers to manage both current and emerging hazards for workers, suppliers, contractors, clients, and the community.
  • A robust Safety Risk Management platform that allows collection and analysis of information from operations to understand the root cause of potential and existing hazards and manage the risk.
  • Management tools that give safety managers and HR the right information at their fingertips to better manage the staff returning after illness or injury.
  • Improve facility compliance by using the right tools to schedule consistent inspections that ensure the safety of the workforce and quality of operations.
  • Eliminate the guesswork out of decision-making with analytics that offers real-time data and metrics across the organization.
Using the command center, leaders can use the key indicators to support the next best actions that need to be taken to protect the health and safety of the workers which also managing operational capacity. The application has the capability to

  • Maintain safe workplaces with safety inspections
  • Manage worker health and safety
  • Offer continuous improvement for site safety
  • Keep teams informed and connected

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